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Yii Migration Tool No such file or directory

February 10th, 2015

I develop under Windows when I'm and home and in the office but when I'm at out and about I develop on my Mac Book Pro. While both run XAMPP, I recently came across a difference between the Windows and Mac versions while I was using Yii2 Framework (but I understand that this happens while using Yii1 too).

The problem manifests itself with the following Exception message from the Yii Connection class:

Yii Migration Tool (based on Yii v2.0.2)

Exception 'yii\db\Exception' with message 'SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] No such file or directory'

in /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/db/Connection.php:539

Stack trace:
#0 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/db/Connection.php(846): yii\db\Connection->open()
#1 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/db/Connection.php(833): yii\db\Connection->getMasterPdo()
#2 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/db/Command.php(208): yii\db\Connection->getSlavePdo()
#3 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/db/Command.php(815): yii\db\Command->prepare(true)
#4 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/db/Command.php(350): yii\db\Command->queryInternal('fetchAll', NULL)
#5 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/db/mysql/Schema.php(198): yii\db\Command->queryAll()
#6 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/db/mysql/Schema.php(97): yii\db\mysql\Schema->findColumns(Object(yii\db\TableSchema))
#7 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/db/Schema.php(139): yii\db\mysql\Schema->loadTableSchema('migration')
#8 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/console/controllers/MigrateController.php(126): yii\db\Schema->getTableSchema('{{%migration}}', true)
#9 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/console/controllers/BaseMigrateController.php(607): yii\console\controllers\MigrateController->getMigrationHistory(NULL)
#10 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/console/controllers/BaseMigrateController.php(99): yii\console\controllers\BaseMigrateController->getNewMigrations()
#11 [internal function]: yii\console\controllers\BaseMigrateController->actionUp(0)
#12 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/base/InlineAction.php(55): call_user_func_array(Array, Array)
#13 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/base/Controller.php(151): yii\base\InlineAction->runWithParams(Array)
#14 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/console/Controller.php(91): yii\base\Controller->runAction('', Array)
#15 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/base/Module.php(455): yii\console\Controller->runAction('', Array)
#16 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/console/Application.php(161): yii\base\Module->runAction('migrate', Array)
#17 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/console/Application.php(137): yii\console\Application->runAction('migrate', Array)
#18 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/vendor/yiisoft/yii2/base/Application.php(375): yii\console\Application->handleRequest(Object(yii\console\Request))
#19 /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/htdocs/rfc/yii-application/yii(31): yii\base\Application->run()
#20 {main}

When connecting to MySQL on a Mac (or a unix box) if you specify host as "localhost" MySQL switches the transport to use file system sockets instead of using a network socket. There are lots of reasons to do this, security and efficiency are the main ones. There is almost no code difference to using a socket on the file system and a socket in the kernel because unix treats them both as file descriptors. Windows treats everything differently and so there is no concept of a file base socket. Windows just uses normal network sockets with all the overhead and security concerns that has.

There are 2 ways you can solve this issue. The first and simplest way to fix this problem is to not use "localhost" in your DSN string. If you use the loopback IP address ( then MySQL will force itself to use a real network socket in the same way that it would under Windows. So in our Yii2 example, just change the DSN configuration held in: yii2_root/common/config/main-local.php to:

return [
    'components' => [
        'db' => [
            'class' => 'yii\db\Connection',
            //'dsn' => 'mysql:host=localhost;dbname=rfc',
            'dsn' => 'mysql:host=;dbname=rfc',
            'username' => 'root',
            'password' => '',
            'charset' => 'utf8',
        'mailer' => [

The second way of solving this problem is still quite simple but everything around it is complicated!

The reason why it is happening is because MySQL can not find the "socket" file (as we said earlier), but all the configuration seems to indicate that everything is ok. To cut hours of investigation short and to put yourself out of misery, there are 2 versions of PHP running on your Mac with 2 configurations. As a consequence your Yii installation is using the wrong one (i.e. the command line one and not your XAMPP installation).

When you run your Yii application through your web browser you are running your XAMPP's version of PHP which is why when you look at the phpinfo() via a web page everything looks all right. PHP shows version 5.6.3, the "Loaded Configuration File" is /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/etc/php.ini and the Configure Command clearly shows --with-mysql-sock=/Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/var/mysql/mysql.sock, and that file exists.

However when you run php from the command line the shell runs through your path and finds a version of php located in /usr/bin. When you issue the command php --ini to find out which configuration file is being read you get the following back:

Configuration File (php.ini) Path: /etc
Loaded Configuration File:         (none)
Scan for additional .ini files in: /Library/Server/Web/Config/php
Additional .ini files parsed:      (none)

Inspecting the /etc path you will not find a php.ini. No file means you will get the default configuration. If you issue a command line based php with the -i option you will see the following configuration instead: PHP shows version 5.5.14, the "Loaded Configuration File" is (none) and the Configure Command shows "--with-mysql-sock=/var/mysql/mysql.sock"

To fix this you must change the yii application program to use the correct version of php. Modifiy yii2_root/yii and change the env under which it runs from:

#!/usr/bin/env php


#!/usr/bin/env /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/bin/php

Using XAMPP's version of PHP will mean you can keep your localhost in the DNS and MySQL will use sockets on your production servers instead of the Forcing your application to open sockets on the localhost will mean that your firewall configuration will need extra rules and configuration to prevent traffic coming from an external port and bouncing off an internal port in order to talk to a localhost socket. Using file domain sockets will just mean making sure that the correct file permissions are set on the socket file so that only the MySQL process can talk to it.

Checking if you are on the homepage

January 30th, 2015

The way to reference the default controller and the default action on that controller has changed. Essentially the defaultController in Yii might not be a controller, so it is now referred to as a route (i.e. defaultRoute) and the default Action on a controller in Yii2 is the name of the action rather than the Action object.



$controller Yii::app()->getController();
$default_controller Yii::app()->defaultController;
$isHome = (($controller->id === $default_controller->id) && ($controller->action->id === $controller->defaultAction->id)) ? true false;



$controller Yii::$app->controller;
$default_controller Yii::$app->defaultRoute;
$isHome = (($controller->id === $default_controller) && ($controller->action->id === $controller->defaultAction)) ? true false;


Yii to Yii2

January 30th, 2015

The Yii Framework has had a new major release and while the API documentation for the new version 2 is a lot better, there doesn't seem to be an easy way to find out what the new way of doing something is. I'm setting this article up as blogglue in order to join all these helper articles together.

Glasgow Fright Fest

January 22nd, 2015

When people ask "What kind of films do they play at a FrightFest?" I usually have to say something along the lines of "Well it's a mixture of Found Footage, Zombie, Horror, Apocalyptic, some Science Fiction and anything containing ultra violence". There is usually one documentary about something horror related and occasionally the festival shows a TV series if it falls within the weird and unusual. The films are usually in English although good films can come from anywhere and so it tends to be a bit random as to how many are foreign language films.

The Glasgow Fright Fest (FrightFest) doesn't seem to keep an archive of what was played at previous Fright Festivals so I've created this page to glue together all the listings from previous years into one handy page. So if you want to know what kind of films they play then each of the following pages contains the films that were played with links to IMDB which will probably have a trailer.

Just a reminder for me! Use this to help calculate the timings:

Glasgow Fright Fest 2015 Programme

January 22nd, 2015

FrightFest descriptions of the films can be found here but they are all on one page so it is impossible to link to each film individually. And of course next year the link for this year's films will be gone :(

Thursday 26 February 2015
21:0022:521h 52mEliza Graves
Friday 27 February 2015
13:3015:021h 32mThe Atticus Institute
-- 58m --
16:0017:221h 22mThe Hoarder
--8m* --
17:30*17:35*5mThe Paper Round
--55m* --
18:3020:081h 38mWyrmwood
-- 52m --
21:0022:221h 28m88
-- 53m --
23:1500:451h 30mExeter (aka The Asylum - Backmask)
Saturday 28th February 2015
-- 48m --
13:3014:521h22mBlood and Black Lace
-- 8m --
15:00*15:15*15mThe Stomach
-- 45m* --
16:0017:241h24mThe Woods Movie (Documentary on Blair Witch Project)
-- 52m --
18:3020:352h5mThe Treatment
-- 55m --
21:3023:051h35m[REC] 4: Apocalypse
-- -5m* --
23:00**00:361h36mThere Are Monsters


(*) Times are not listed so I guessed!
(**) Time can not be right, but is as listed. They must have the time of the previous film wrong.